SubjectsSubjects(version: 953)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Microbiology - MB140P26
Title: Mikrobiologie
Czech title: Mikrobiologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Genetics and Microbiology (31-140)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2023 to 2023
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 5
Examination process: summer s.:combined
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, C+Ex [HT]
Extent per academic year: 3 [days]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Level: basic
Explanation: přednáška probíhá společně s MB140P88
Additional information: http://dl2.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=1956
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: RNDr. Petra Lišková, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Tereza Dolejšová, Ph.D.
RNDr. Petra Lišková, Ph.D.
Mgr. Irena Vopálenská, Ph.D.
RNDr. Blanka Zikánová
Incompatibility : MB140P33, MB140P33I
In complex pre-requisite: MB140C13
Annotation -
The lecture comprises the basics of the general microbiology with particular focus on bacteria. The most important topics are covered: structure and function of bacterial cell, growth, metabolism, interactions with environment and host, diversity of microorganism, pathogeny and the practical use of microorganisms.
The course is held in Czech language.
References:
Brock Biology of Microorganisms, Eds. Madigan, Martinko, Stahl, Clark, 13th Edition, 2012, Pearson (or higher edition)
Základy bakteriologie, F. Kaprálek, 1999, Karolinum
Last update: Mikušová Gabriela, RNDr., Ph.D. (05.01.2018)
Literature -

Brock Biology of Microorganisms, Madigan, Martinko, Stahl, Clark (Eds.), 13th Edition, 2012, Pearson Education, Inc. (případně pozdější vydání)

Presentations are regularly updated and available at Moodle MB140P26/MB140P88

Last update: Schierová Michaela, RNDr., Ph.D. (26.10.2019)
Requirements to the exam

The exam is a written one, questions are based on the sylabus.

Topics are published in Moodle.

A prerequisite for the exam is a credit from practical exercises.

In the academic year 2019/2020 there will be an alternative distance form of the practical course. Students are given study materials in Moodle and should pass the online test in Moodle to get the credits.

Last update: Mikušová Gabriela, RNDr., Ph.D. (16.04.2020)
Syllabus -

1.        Microorganisms and microbiology

·         properties of the cells, three domains of life, role of microorganisms in the environment

·         microbiology in historical context

2.        Microbial cell structure and function

·         microscopy, Gram staining

·         cells of bacteria – cell wall, cytoplasmic membrane and transport, nucleoid, ribosomes, inclusions, flagellum, pili, capsule, gas vesicles, bacterial locomotion

·         endospores, sporulation

3.        Molecular microbiology

·         bacterial genome - chromosome, plasmids

·         horizontal gene transfer - transformation, transduction, conjugation, transposition

·         gene cloning, mutation, selection

·         restriction endonucleases

4.        Microbial metabolism

·         cell chemistry and nutrition

·         media and laboratory culture

·         energy classes of microorganisms

·         Bioenergetics – free energy, redox potential, activation energy, glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron donors and acceptors, ATP

·         fermentation, respiration, anaerobic respiration, chemolithotrophy, phototrophy

5.        Microbial growth

·         bacterial cell division – cell cycle, binary fission, peptidoglycan biosynthesis

·         population growth, growth curve, measuring microbial growth

·         continuous cultivation

6.        Microorganisms and environment

·         effect of temperature on microbial growth, other environmental effects on microbial growth

·         control of microbial growth

·         microbial ecology, terrestrial Environments, aquatic Environments

·         symbioses between microorganisms, plants as microbial habitats, mammals as microbial habitats

7.        Microbial evolution and systematics

·      early Earth and the origin and diversification of life, living fossils: DNA records, the history of life, microbial evolution, microbial systematics

8.        Microbial Interactions with humans

·     Normal Human–Microbial Interactions

·     Pathogenesis, virulence factors, immunity, vaccination

9.        Infectious diseases and their transmission

·      antimicrobial drugs

·      viruses

·      person-to-person bacterial and viral diseases, airborne bacterial and viral diseases,  direct-contact diseases, sexually transmitted infections, vectorborne and soilborne infections, water and food as vehicles of bacterial diseases

10.     Industrial microbiology and biotechnology

·         eukaryotic microbial cells

·         microorganisms in food industry

·         production of antibiotics, enzymes and vitamins,

·         bioremediation, wastewater and drinking water treatment

Last update: Mikušová Gabriela, RNDr., Ph.D. (25.10.2019)
 
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