SubjectsSubjects(version: 953)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Human Physiology - PFYB100
Title: Fyziologie člověka
Guaranteed by: Department of Biomedical Foundation in Kinanthropology (51-300200)
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Actual: from 2023
Semester: winter
Points: 0
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / 117 (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
Guarantor: doc. MUDr. Eva Kohlíková, CSc.
Teacher(s): Mgr. Ivana Kinkorová, Ph.D.
doc. MUDr. Eva Kohlíková, CSc.
doc. Mgr. Michal Šteffl, Ph.D.
Incompatibility : PFYB100K
Interchangeability : PFYB100K
Is interchangeable with: PFYB100K
Annotation -
The subject acquaints students with basic physiological principles, homeostasis theory, functions of various organs and systems of the human body and their control (including circulatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal, excretory, endocrine, muscular, nervous and sensory systems, as well as metabolism and thermoregulation). Increased attention is paid to physiological regulation and neuromuscular system, taking into account child and adolescent organism. The course is focused on the acquisition of theoretical knowledge in the field of anatomy and their application to the functioning of individual organ systems of the human body.
Last update: Kinkorová Ivana, Mgr., Ph.D. (08.11.2023)
Aim of the course -

The aim of the course is to acquaint with the functions of all organ systems of the human body in resting and stress conditions.


- basic concepts of cellular and subcellular structures and their meaning

- physiology of excitatory systems: nerve cell, processing and conduction of information in the nerve and between nerves, NS metabolism, muscular system (striated, cardiac and smooth muscle – structure and function)

- basics of the cardiovascular system (mechanical and metabolic processes in the myocardium, vascular system – structure and function, measurement and influence of blood pressure – regulatory mechanisms of the heart and blood vessels)

- the basics of the structure and function of blood and the immune system

- physiology of the respiratory system (ventilation, distribution, diffusion, perfusion, determination of respiratory parameters, nervous and chemical regulation of breathing)

- physiology of the digestive system (splitting, digestion and absorption of food components and their regulation in individual parts of the GIT, gastrointestinal hormones and their effects)

- energy balance (basics of metabolic processes in the body)

- physiology of the excretory system (formation and composition of urine, regulatory mechanisms, influence of kidney function on maintaining the stability of the internal environment)

- physiology of glands with internal secretion (formation and secretion of hormones of individual glands and their functions, stress, sexual system – management and functions)


Skills:- describe the composition of the human body, the importance of individual functionally specific cells. Describe the composition and function of the cardiovascular system and blood as well as the relationship with the simunite state. Describe the mechanical and electrical activity of the heart. The basics of the inflammatory process in relation to chiimmunity are part of it.- Metabolic processes, ionic changes and subsequent changes. Can describe the structure and function of the respiratory system, their measurability with an emphasis on the regulatory mechanisms of breathing (nervous, hormonal and other chemical influences). Can describe the function of individual parts of the digestive system, enzymatic and other processes. Within the excretory system, he is able to describe in detail the acidification and alkalization of urine, the influence of the kidneys on maintaining the stability of the internal environment and functioning as an endocrine organ.- Can describe the structure and function of individual endocrine glands and the impact of their hormones on other organs, including the regulatory mechanisms of hormone control.- From the field of neurophysiology, describe the structure and function of the neuron, types of conduction, synaptic transmissions and types of mediators according to their activity. Describe the parts of the nervous system most connected by motor activity, control of body position and their parts (cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum and pyramidal and extrapyramidal pathways) and the influence of the vegetative nervous system. Considering the focus on the locomotor system, he can describe not only the types of muscles, but also the molecular basis of contraction, energy sources of contraction and relaxation, the issue of neuromuscular transmission and proprioception as the regulation of muscle tension and stretching.- Can describe bone structure, necessary substances and vitamins for bone building.- Can describe sensitive-sensory organs, pain, sleep and its individual phases Competence (the student is competent)- use acquired knowledge of physiology for their application and connection with subsequent subjects such as pathological physiology, exercise physiology, biomechanics or nutrition- search, sort and assess information related to physiological processes,- use the acquired information in everyday practice.

Last update: Kohlíková Eva, doc. MUDr., CSc. (26.09.2023)
Course completion requirements -

* Credit requirements:- 100% participation in practical teaching - completed protocols

* Exam Requirement: - test in Moodle in the U13 or U14 computer room (75% success rate)

Last update: Kohlíková Eva, doc. MUDr., CSc. (21.08.2023)
Literature -

* MOUREK, J. Physiology - textbook for students of medical fields. 2012. Grada. ISBN 978-80-247-3918-2

KITTNAR, O., MLČEK, M. Atlas of physiological regulations. 2009. Grada. ISBN: 978-80-247-2722-6

KITTNAR, O. Medical physiology. 2011. Grada. ISBN: 978-80-247-3068-4

DESPOPOULOS, A., SILBERNAGL, S. Atlas of human physiology. 2016. Grada. ISBN: 978-80-247-4271-7

GANONG, W. F. Review of Medical Physiology. Prague: H & H, 2005. 681 pp. ISBN 8072623117.

KOHLÍKOVÁ, E. Selected topics of practical exercises in human physiology. 1st ed. Prague: Karolinum, 2000. 83 pp. ISBN 80-246-0073-0.

TROJAN, S., LANGMEIER, M. (eds.) Dictionary of Medical Physiology. 2006. Galen. ISBN 8072623753

KOHLÍKOVÁ, E. Selected topics of practical exercises in human physiology. 2014. Karolinum. ISBN 978802461921

Anatomy & physiology made incredibly easy!. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, c2013. ISBN 9781451147261

WAUGH, Anne and Allison GRANT. Ross and Wilson anatomy & physiology in health and illness. 12th edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, [2014].

KAPIT, Wynn, Robert I. MACEY, and Esmail MEISAMI. The physiology coloring book. San Francisco: Benjamin/Cummings Science Publishing, c2000. ISBN 0-321-03663-8.

COSTANZO, Linda S. Physiology. Sixth edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier, [2018]. ISBN 978-0-323-47881-6.

HARVEY, Richard A., Robin R. PRESTON, and Thad E. WILSON. Lippincott's illustrated reviews: Physiology. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health, c2013. ISBN 978-1-60913-241-5.

Last update: Kohlíková Eva, doc. MUDr., CSc. (21.08.2023)
Requirements to the exam -

* Credit requirements: - 100% participation in practical teaching - completed protocols

* Exam Requirement: - test in Moodle in the U13 or U14 computer room (75% success rate) - doc. M.Sc. M. Šteffl, Ph.D.

Last update: Kohlíková Eva, doc. MUDr., CSc. (21.08.2023)
Syllabus -

* Lectures:


online MS Teams -

1/ Introduction to physiology, general physiological principles

2/ Physiology of blood and immune system

3/ Physiology of the cardiovascular system

4/ Physiology of the respiratory system, Physiology of the digestive system, nutrition

5/ Physiology of the excretory system

6/ Skin physiology and thermoregulation

7/ Physiology of endocrine glands

8/ General neurophysiology, CNS physiology

9/ Physiology of muscles and bones

10/ Sensory nervous system

11/ Motor nervous system

12/ Vegetative nervous system



1. Introduction

2. Basic indicators of ventilation functions, spirometry

3. Dynamometry

4. Orthostatic circulatory examination + ECG

5. Anthropometry 6. Examination of blood pressure


Last update: Kinkorová Ivana, Mgr., Ph.D. (06.10.2023)
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