SubjectsSubjects(version: 945)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Physics - NFOE023
Title: Fyzika (pro CHZP)
Guaranteed by: Laboratory of General Physics Education (32-KVOF)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2023
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Přemysl Málek, CSc.
Classification: Physics > External Subjects
Annotation -
Last update: T_KVOF (26.04.2012)
Physics Basic principles of classical mechanics, thermics and molecular physics, electricity and magnetism, geometrical and wave optics, and fundamentals of matter building. The course is scheduled for students of the Faculty of Science of Charles University.
Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Hana Kudrnová (14.06.2019)

Získání zápočtu a úspěšné složení zkoušky.

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KVOF (26.04.2012)

Z. Horák, F. Krupka: Fyzika I, SNTL, Praha 1981

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Hana Kudrnová (14.06.2019)

Otázky ústní zkoušky se shodují se sylabem.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KVOF (26.04.2012)

1. Mechanics

Kinematics - description of motion. Dynamics of point mass - force, Newton´s laws, equation of motion, inertial and non-inertial systems, work and energy, gravitational force, friction force, harmonic oscillator. Rigid body - kinematics, force momentum, impulse theorems, center of mass, moment of inertia, rotation of a rigid body. Continuum - stress, strain, elasticity, Hook´s law. Mechanics of fluids - ideal liquid, hydrostatic pressure, Pascal´s law, fluid flow, continuity equation, viscosity. Acoustics - wave, standing waves, Huygens´ principle.

2. Thermics and molecular physics

Temperature, heat, heat propagation, calorimetry, internal energy, entropy, thermodynamics laws, phase transformations in single- and two-phase systems, thermal conductivity, diffusion.

3. Electricity and magnetism

Electric charge, electrostatic field, electric current, electric resistance, magnetic effects of steady state current, magnetic induction, magnetic properties of solids, electromagnetic waves.

4. Optics

Geometrical optics, reflection, refraction, wave properties of light, interference effects, polarisation.

5. Atomistics

Bohr´s model of hydrogen atom, fundamentals of quantum mechanics.

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