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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Limnology - MO550P126E
Title: Limnology
Czech title: Limnologie
Guaranteed by: Institute for Environmental Studies (31-550)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2022
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
For 4EU+ students: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D.
RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D.
Incompatibility : MO550P89
Is incompatible with: MO550P89
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D. (05.10.2020)
Limnology is the study of inland lakes, rivers, and wetlands; this lecture covers basic knowledge in limnology.
Lectures in 2020 are at
Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D. (23.05.2018)

Jacob Kalff, 2002. Limnology: Inland Water Ecosystems. Prentice Hall, 592 pp.

Robert G. Wetzel, 2001. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Gulf Professional Publishing, 1006 pp.


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (12.05.2023)

75% attendance on lectures is mandatory.

Oral examination.

Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D. (23.05.2018)

1.      Water cycle in the biosphere and distribution of water on the planet Earth
Hydrological cycle; elementary physical and chemical properties of water; origin of lakes, trophic status and zonation of lakes, running waters.

2.      Distribution of light and temperature, distribution of oxygen, turbidity, inorganic carbon and pH.

3.      Biogenic elements in waters – cycle of C, N, P

4.      Communities of stagnant waters - phytoplankton
Composition of the community, size distribution. Stokes rule, Redfield ratio. Seasonal succesion, plankton paradox.

5.      Communities of stagnant waters – zooplankton
Spatial structure of stagnat waters, communities, food webs, microbial loop. Major zooplankton groups. Top-down, bottom-up effect, PEG model.

6.      Bacterioplankton and detritus of stagnant waters, forms of carbon in waters.

7.      Littoral and march communities, macrophytes, benthos, and fish of stagnant waters.

8.      Running waters – characteristics
Speed of currents, flow regime, transport of substances. River ecosystem, river continuum concept, erosion.

9.      Running waters - communities

10.  Protection of waters
Water frame directive (WFD), impact of climatic changes on running waters.

11.  Acidification
Anthropogenic acidification, pH of rain and lake waters. Impact of S and N deposition on soil and water ecosystems. Recovery from acidification.

12.  Eutrophication
Nutrients responsible for eutrophication and their sources. Impact on waters.

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