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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Decontaminate technology and biotechnology - MO550P108
Title: Dekontaminační technologie a biotechnologie
Czech title: Dekontaminační technologie a biotechnologie
Guaranteed by: Institute for Environmental Studies (31-550)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Tomáš Cajthaml, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): prof. RNDr. Tomáš Cajthaml, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (24.10.2019)
1. Types of pollutants and sources of pollution; overview of remediation techniques according to the type of pollutants and principle, principles of biodegradation and applicable organisms
2. Microorganisms and decomposition of organic pollutants: biodegradation, biodegradability, aerobic degradation, anaerobic degradation, bioremediation, types of used microorganisms
3. Acclimation, detoxification, bioavailability, pollutant sorption, diffusion, sequestration, aging, influence of chemical structure on degradability
4. Principles of soil biodegradation: pollutant sorption, pollutant availability for microbial metabolism, pollutant immobilization, hydrophobic pollutants, biosurfactants
5. In situ bioremediation techniques: bioventing, enhanced bioremediation, phytoremediation, mycoremediation
6. In situ physico-chemical remediation techniques: chemical oxidation, electrokinetic separation, steam extraction of soil, solidification / stabilization; thermal decontamination
7. Ex situ bioremediation techniques: biopiles, composting, landfarming, slurry phase bioremediation
8. Ex situ physico-chemical remediation techniques: chemical extraction, chemical reduction / oxidation, dehalogenation, separation, solidification / stabilization; ex situ thermal remediation techniques: incineration, pyrolysis, thermal desorption
9. Decontamination of ground, surface and waste waters: In situ biological decontamination - enhanced bioremediation, natural attenuation, phytoremediation; Ex situ biological decontamination, bioreactors, wetlands
10. In situ physicochemical decontamination: air sparing, bioslurping, chemical oxidation, targeted wells, two-phase extraction, thermal decontamination, stripping, passive and reactive barriers
11. Ex situ physico-chemical decontamination: adsorption, absorption, advanced oxidation processes, stripping, activated carbon, ion exchange, precipitation, coagulation, flocculation, separation; gas phase decontamination: membrane separation, oxidation, air scrubbers, water vapor adsorption; decontamination of air and gas emissions: biofiltration, high-energy decomposition
Literature - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (24.10.2019)

R.D. Norris: Handbook of Bioremediation. Lewis Publishers 1994. 
P. Pitter, J. Chudoba: Biodegradability of Organic Substances in the Aquatic Environment. CRC Press 1990. 
B.C. Alleman, A. Leeson: In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation, Vol. 1-5. Battelle Press 1997. 
M. Alexander: Biodegradation and Bioremediation. Academic Press 1994. 
J.J. Gan, P.C. Zhu, S.D. Aust, A.T. Lemley: Pesticide Decontamination and Detoxification. American Chemical Society 

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: prof. RNDr. Tomáš Cajthaml, Ph.D. (21.11.2011)

ústní zkouška

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