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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Microbial processes in the environment - MO550P104
Title: Mikrobiální procesy v životním prostředí
Czech title: Mikrobiální procesy v životním prostředí
Guaranteed by: Institute for Environmental Studies (31-550)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2018
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 3
For 4EU+ students: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Explanation: Proběhne turnusově v květnu na MBU v Krči.
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: prof. doc. RNDr. Petr Baldrian, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (25.10.2019)
Microorganisms in natural environment.

Microorganisms physiology in relation to the environment. Specifics of main groups of microorganisms: bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa.

Diversity of microorganisms and its importance

Taxonomic and functional diversity. Speciation of microorganisms. The importance of diversity for the functioning of ecological processes.

Ecology of microorganisms

Interactions of microorganisms with the environment. Influences of environment on microorganisms. Interactions and competition between microorganisms and other organisms in the environment.

Microbial processes of transformation of nutrients and energy

Transformation of organic compounds and metabolism. Decomposition of high molecular weight organic compounds. Oxidation / reduction processes in organic matter tranformation. Microbial processes in cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur. Importance of microbial processes in geobiochemical cycles of elements.

Microbial biogeochemistry

Influence of abiotic environment by microorganisms - chemical and physical changes of the environment due to microbial activity, geomicrobiology.

Microbial processes in selected ecosystems

Microbial processes in main habitats: soil, fresh water, sea water, terrestrial biomes. The significance of the individual groups of microorganisms in selected habitats.

Microorganisms under extreme conditions

Microorganisms in extreme environments: deep sea ecosystems, hot springs, polar regions. Microorganisms in anthropogenic affected ecosystems. Mechanisms of adaptation of microorganisms to stress.

Interactions of microorganisms with plants and animals

Symbiosis and competition of micro- and macro-organisms. Function of lichens, mycorrhiza, pathogenic microorganisms in the environment.

Microorganisms in environmental protection and ecosystem functional stability

Use of microorganisms in environmental protection, bioindication, natural attenuation, reclamation, biodegradation, remediation of anthropogenic pollution.

Methods of study of microbial processes - biochemical and physiological methods

Detection and quantification of life manifestations of microorganisms. Respirometry, determination of metabolic abilities a metabolic diversity. Characteristics of microbial communities based on marker molecules. Indirect detection of specific groups of microorganisms. Enrichment and isolation of microorganisms from the environment.

Study methods of microbial processes - molecular methods

The use of methods based on the study of nucleic acids for the analysis of processes in the environment. Detection and quantification active population of microorganisms. Specific labeling of metabolically active microorganisms. Transcriptome analysis a

Literature - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (24.10.2019)

Madsen, E.L.: Environmental Microbiology, Blackwell Publishing, 2008
Paul, E.A.: Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry, 3rd edition, Academic Press, 2007

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Jolana Tátosová, Ph.D. (11.05.2023)

Ústní zkouška.

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