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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Nanomaterials I - MC240P49
Title: Nanomateriály I
Czech title: Nanomateriály I
Guaranteed by: Department of Inorganic Chemistry (31-240)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Dr. rer. nat. Mgr. Dominika Zákutná
Teacher(s): prof. RNDr. Jana Kalbáčová Vejpravová, Ph.D.
Dr. rer. nat. Mgr. Dominika Zákutná
Annotation -
Physical and chemical methods of preparation of nanoparticles, Microstructure, processing, thermodynamics and kinetics,
electrical and optical properties, Magnetic properties of nanomaterials, Methods of the characterization of nanomaterials,
Selected applications of nanomaterials.
The course is designed for Master and PhD students.
Last update: Kubíček Vojtěch, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (11.01.2012)
Literature -
  • A. S. Edelstein and R. Cammarata: Nanomaterials, Synthesis, Properties and Application. Inst. of Physics Publishing, 1996.
  • G. A. Ozin, A. C. Arsenault: Nanochemistry, RSC Publ. Cambridge, 2005.
  • S. Reich, C. Thomsen, J. Maultzsch: Carbon Nanotubes, Wiley, Darmstadt, 2003.
  • Z. Weiss, G. Simha-Martynková, O. Šustai: Nanostruktura uhlíkových materiálů, VŠB TU Ostrava, 2005.
  • G. Q. Lu, X. S. Zhao: Nanoporous Materials Science and Engineering, Imperial College Press, London, 2004.
  • L. Frank, J. Král: Metody analýzy povrchů, iontové, sondové a speciální techniky, Academia, Praha, 2002.
  • J. Čejka, N. Žilková: Syntéza a struktura zeolitů, Chem. Listy 94, 278 (2000).
Last update: Kubíček Vojtěch, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (26.10.2019)
Requirements to the exam -

The examination is oral in the form of a 10 - 15 min presentation on the research topic of interest belonging to the Nanomaterials field followed by 2 - 4 questions related to the lecture topics as mentioned by the syllabus.

Last update: Zákutná Dominika, Dr. rer. nat. Mgr. (23.02.2024)
Syllabus -
1. Introduction

1.1 Structure of classic crystals and nanocrystals, fotonic crystals, nanowires, nanodesky, Q-crystals

1.2 Electronic structure of macroscopic crystals and nanocrystals

2. Preparation of nanocrystals

2.1 Formation of nanoparticles
Physical and chemical methods, Classical nucleation theory, Laser vaporization and laser photolysis of organometalic compounds, coalescence, coagulation and size distribution, mechanical attrition (high energy ball milling), mechanochemistry

2.2. Particle synthesis by chemical route
Nucleation and grow from solution, aqueous methods, colloids, micelles, polymers, glasses, non-aqueous methods, ceramics, composites, spray pyrolysis

2.3 Sol-gel methods, supramolecular templates, solvotermal recrystalisation
Alkoxide solution routes, colloidal sols and suspensions, aging and syneresis of gels, multicomponent oxides, Microporous monoliths, Infiltrated composites, citrates route, consolidation of nanomaterials by compaction and sintering

2.4 Self-assembled nanostructures, LB films

2.5 Thin layers: CVD, PVD, MBE

3. Examples of nanomaterials
Microstructure, processing, thermodynamics and kinetics, electrical and optical properties, Magnetic properties

3.1 Magnetic nanoparticles and nanocomposites
Preparation methods, Monodomain particles, Superparamagnetismus, Critical size, Magnetic properties, Application

3.2. Semiconductor nanoparticles
Quantum confinement, Quantum dots, Nanostructured silicon, Semiconductor III–V and II–VI, Optical properties

3.3. Zeolites, molecular sieves

3.4. Carbon nanomaterials
nanotubes, fulerens, nanodiamant, etc.

3.5. Oxidic nanomaterials
TiO2, ZnO, ternary oxides

4. Methods of the characterization of nanomaterials

4.1 Electron microscopy: SEM, TEM

4.2 Microscopy using scanning probe: STM, AFM, SNOM

4.3 Study of the porous structure: adsorption

4.4 Analyse of surface: XPS, AES

5. Selected applications of nanomaterials

5.1 Nanoelectronics, electrochromic a autoemission displays

5.2 Conversion and accumulation of energy: solar cells, battery, supercondensators, fuel cells, hydrogen industry

5.3 Self-cleaning and antibacterial materials

5.4 Nanomanipulation, nanomotors

5.5 Nanofibres, nanocomposites

5.6 Bioaplication, nanomedicine, sensors, health risks of nanomaterials

Last update: Kubíček Vojtěch, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (12.10.2013)
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