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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Inorganic Chemistry Basic - MC240P29
Title: Anorganická chemie základní
Czech title: Anorganická chemie základní
Guaranteed by: Department of Inorganic Chemistry (31-240)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2019 to 2023
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/2, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Additional information: http://dl2.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=1240
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Jiří Mosinger, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): Mgr. David Dunlop
doc. RNDr. David Havlíček, CSc.
prof. RNDr. Jiří Mosinger, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Pavel Vojtíšek, CSc.
Incompatibility : MC240P21A, MC240P21B, MC240P29E, MC240P40, MC240P56, MC240P57
Is incompatible with: MC240P41, MC240P16B, MC240P16A, MC240P56, MC240P29E, MC240P21A, MC240P21B, MC240P40, MC240P57
Annotation -
Introduction to basic inorganic chemistry, covering following topics: atomic structure, Schrödinger equation, chemical bond, molecular orbital theory, ionization energy and elektronegativity, hydrogen bonding and noncovalent interactions, shapes of molecules, general relations between the elements in the periodic systém, systematic chemistry of elements and their compounds, introduction in coordination chemistry.
Last update: Mosinger Jiří, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (27.10.2019)
Literature -

1) C.E. Housecroft, A.G. Sharpe: Inorganic Chemistry, VŠCHT, Prague 2016

2) B. Douglas, D. H. McDaniel: "Concepts and Models of Inorganic Chemistry" (2. edition) John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York 1983

3) J. B.Russell: "General chemistry", McGraw Hill, New York 1992

Last update: Mosinger Jiří, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (27.10.2019)
Requirements to the exam -

Examination is combined – written test (requirement of  60% of maximum score) and oral examination. A non-graded credit is required for examination. The credit is obtained based on wtitten test (requirement of  60% of maximum score).

Last update: Mosinger Jiří, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (13.03.2024)
Syllabus -

1) Introduction. Research methods in Inorganic chemistry.

2) The nuclei of atoms. Atomic and neutron number. Nuclide, isotope, isobar. Atomic weight constant. Binding energy of nuclei. Nuclear fusion. Radioactivity. Kinetics and half-life of decay.

3) Atomic structure. The former and actual theories. The wave-mechanical description of atoms. Dualistic character of particles and light. The uncertainty principle. Schrödinger equation. Atomic orbitals. Quantum numbers.

4) Structure of electron shell and periodicity. Pauli principle of explicity. Occupation of at. orbitals by electrons. Stoner rule. Shape of at. orbitals. Nodal surface. Construction principle. Hund rule. Atom multiplicity. Configuration of atoms and ions. Atom valence shell. Orbital energy. Ionization energy. Electron affinity. Periodic law. Periodic table. Periodicity of selected physical and chemical properties of elements. Electronegativity. Acidobasic properties of simple types of compounds.

5) Chemical bond. Types of bonds. Dissociation energy. Molecular orbitals theory. Method of linear combination of at. orbitals. The principle of superposition of states. Shape of molecular orbitals. Molecular orbitals diagrams. Energy, length and order of the bond. Paramagnetism and diamagnetism of bimolecular molecules. Estimation of molecule geometry using a) hybridization model b) Valence shell electron pair repulsion model (VSEPR).

6) Trends in periodic table. Second period and higher periods in periodic table. d-orbitals in chemical bonds. Dependence of size of atom on its chemical properties. The hydrogen bond. Posttransition and postlanthanide elements. Diagonal analogy.

7) Hydrogen. Basic properties. Appearance and preparation. Types of hydrides.

8) Noble gases. Chemical and physical properties. Appearance and using of nobel gases.

9) The elements of 1.– 7. main groups in periodic table. Appearance of the elements. Basic chemical and physical properties. Gradate properties of the group elements. Exception behavior of the elements from 2. period. Preparation of the elements and their using. Hydrides oxo-, and halogen compounds of the elements – preparation and properties.

10) Chemical and physical properties of transition metals. Oxidation numbers. Acidobasic properties of oxides. Introduction to coordination chemistry. Chemical bond in coordination compounds. Donor atom. Types of ligands. Classification of coordination compounds. Chelates. Total and consecutive binding constants. Ligand field theory. Spectrochemical series. Application of Ligand field theory. Magnetic properties of complexes. Absorption electronic spectra of complexes. Spectral and complementary colors. Redox properties of complexes. The size of aquacations. Lanthanide and actinide metals- basic properties of elements. Lanthanide contraction.

Last update: Mosinger Jiří, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (27.10.2019)
 
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