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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Histology and Embryology I. - EP0101040
Title: Histologie a embryologie I.
Guaranteed by: Ústav histologie a embryologie (14-40)
Faculty: Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen
Actual: from 2021
Semester: summer
Points: 4
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/3, C [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unlimited (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
For type:  
Explanation: https://lms.lfp.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=103 - praktikum z obecné histologie
Additional information: https://lms.lfp.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=276 - přednášky z histologie
Note: deregister from the credit exam date if a requisite was not fulfilled
Guarantor: prof. MUDr. Mgr. Zbyněk Tonar, Ph.D.
prof. MUDr. Milena Králíčková, Ph.D.
MUDr. Věra Křížková, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): Mgr. Tereza Blassová, Ph.D.
MUDr. Věra Křížková, Ph.D.
MUDr. Anna Malečková, Ph.D.
RNDr. Alena Němečková, CSc.
doc. Ing. Jan Nevoral, Ph.D.
Mgr. Pavel Ostašov, Ph.D.
Mgr. Pavel Pitule, Ph.D.
Ing. et Ing. Jiří Polívka, Ph.D.
prof. MUDr. Mgr. Zbyněk Tonar, Ph.D.
MUDr. Lenka Vaňková
Ing. Bc. Lucie Vištejnová, Ph.D.
Attributes: Povinné předměty pro Všeobecné lékařství
Interchangeability : E0102004
Is pre-requisite for: EP0102040
Is interchangeable with: E0102004
Annotation -
Students will learn and understand how to differentiate between the basic types of tissues, cells, and extracellular matrix according to their microscopic structure. In the practical classes, the students will optical microscope for identification and description of histological slides.
Last update: Jiráková Lucie, Bc. (20.02.2023)
Learning outcomes -

Upon completion of the course, the learner will be able to:
  • Classify the types of tissues, cells and components of intercellular matter in organs of the human body.
  • Define and use in the correct context the terms necessary to describe the normal microscopic structure of the organs of the human body.
  • Identify and systematically describe in histological slides the structures important for comparison and differentiation in histological slides of normal human organs, using both light microscopy and scanned virtual slides.
  • Draw and describe simplified diagrams of microscopic preparations of human body organs.
  • Explain the structures on the slide to a second observer (learner or teacher).
  • Identify the organs of the human body from which the microscopic slides were taken.
  • Correlate the microscopic structure of human organs with their function.
  • Solve simplified problems based on knowledge and skills in histology within the range of recommended resources and learning outcomes detailed for each topic.

Detailed learning outcomes for each topic:
https://histologie.lfp.cuni.cz/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2024/03/Learning-objectives-for-1st-year-Histology.pdf

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (26.06.2024)
Course completion requirements -

The summer semester ends with a credit. Obtaining credit for the summer semester and subsequently the winter semester (2nd year) is a condition for admission to the 2nd year examination.

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (11.03.2024)
Literature -
      • Slípka J., Tonar Z.: Outlines of Histology. Karolinum, Prague, 2017.

      • Slípka J., Tonar Z.: Outlines of Embryology. Karolinum, Prague, 2019.

      • Balko J., Tonar Z., Varga I. et al.: Memorix Histology. Triton, Prague, 2018.

      • Mescher A.L.: Junqueira’s Basic Histology. Text & Atlas. 16th edition. McGrawHill, New York, 2021.

      • Sadler T.: Langman´s Medical Embryology, 15th edition, Wolters Kluwer 2023
Last update: Jiráková Lucie, Bc. (14.11.2023)
Requirements to the exam - Czech

Letní semestr je zakončen zápočtem. Získání zápočtu za letní, a následně i zimní semestr (2. ročník), je podmínkou připuštění ke zkoušce ve 2. ročníku.

Pravidla-ziskani-zapoctu-a-zkousky.pdf (cuni.cz) 

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (11.03.2024)
Syllabus -

Summary of the lectures. General histology.

General medicine 1st year. Summer term.

1. Introduction (history and importance of histology). Cytology. 

2. Tissues (classification). Epithelial tissue (classification according to their arrangement).  

3. Epithelial tissue (classification according to the function – glandular epithelium).  

4. Connective tissue proper (cells, fibres, ground substance), types of connective tissue proper 

5. Cartilage (hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage). Bone (structure, ossification).  

6. Blood I (erythrocytes, leukocytes).  

7. Blood II (lymphocytes, platelets, hematopoiesis).  

8. Muscular tissue (smooth, striated, cardiac).  

9. Nervous tissue (neuron, synapses, neuroglia, barriers of the CNS).  

10. Cardiovascular system (arteries, veins, heart).  

11. Sensory organs – eye, ear, olfactory organ 

12. Lymphatic system. Endocrine system. 

13. Solving model questions from histology for credit and exam. 

 

Summary of the practical sessions. General histology.

General medicine 1st year. Summer term

 1. Introduction: The rules of health security during the teaching process of Histology. Histological techniques.

2. Epithelial tissues I.: Simple and stratified epithelia (sole of the foot, vagina, lip, gallbladder, thyreoid gland, kidney).

3. Epithelial tissues II.: Pseudostratified, transitional and specialized epithelium (soft palate, urinary bladder, ureter, suprarenal gland, liver).

4. Epithelial tissues III.: Serous and mucous glands (colon, parotid gland, pancreas, duodenum, sublingual gland), glands in the skin (axilla, eyelid, lip, labium majus).

5. Recapitulation of the previous topic.

6. Connective tissue: Collagenous, elastic, reticular, mucous (spleen, aorta, kidney - Gomori, umbilical cord, lip embr.).

7. Connective tissue II.: Cartilage and bone (auricle, trachea, epiglottis, lung), desmogenous and endochondral ossification (fetus 40 mm - fetal head and fetal upper extremity, fetal rib), tooth

8. Hematology: Diagnostic of the blood smear. Arneth's line, Hynek's numeral.

9. Muscular tissue: Smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle (stomach, oesophagus, tongue, heart).

10. Nervous tissue: Neural elements of CNS and PNS (spinal cord, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, peripheral nerve).

11. Recapitulation of the slides.

12. Blood vessels and the heart (heart, aorta, artery and vein, vessels of various organs, capillaries).

13. Revision of the whole topic.

14. Consultation, course credit.

 

TEST 1: 11.3. – 29.3. 2024

TEST 2: 8.4. - 26.4. 2024

TEST 3: 29.4. - 17. 5. 2024

FINAL TEST: from 20.5. 2024

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (14.02.2024)
Learning resources -

Histology lectures: https://moodle.lfp.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=277#section-25

A  YouTube channel is available:https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCY7dMERswmElzXGF1JDA4vA/featured?disable_polymer=1

Website of the Department: http://histologie.lfp.cuni.cz/?lang=en

Use a digitized collection to study slides:http://histologie.lfp.cuni.cz/preparaty/preparaty2E.php?EN 

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/histology.embryology/

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (12.02.2024)
Course completion requirements -

The summer semester ends with a credit. Obtaining credit for the summer semester and subsequently the winter semester (2nd year) is a condition for admission to the 2nd year examination.

Last update: Merhautová Šárka (11.03.2024)
 
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